How fast can the battery in the electric car or plug-in hybrid be charged? Here we have put together an overview of the connector types and charging options:
Mode 3 charging cable
The Mode 3 charging cable is required to connect the (public) charging station to the electric car. The standard plug at charging stations in Europe is the type 2 plug. So that electric cars with a type 1 connection can also be charged at the charging station, there is a mode 3 charging cable with various connections, e.g. B. Type 1 to Type 2 are used. The charging power can be up to 43 kW.
Mode 2 charging cable
The Mode 2 charging cable is required to connect the usual household socket to the electric car. This charging cable is usually supplied from the factory by the car manufacturer. As a further developed variant, there is a mode 2 charging cable, which offers a connection for different industrial sockets. Electric cars can be charged with up to 22 kW, depending on the type of plug.
CEE plugs are plug variants that can also be used to charge electric vehicles. The blue so-called "camping" plug offers charging capacities of up to 3,7 kW at 16 A.
The red three-phase industrial plug offers two different versions of charging power: up to 11 kW (16 A) and up to 22 kW at 32 A.
The SchuKo socket is the usual household socket. It can be used to charge electric cars with a mode 2 charging cable with charging capacities of up to 3,7 kW. In the case of household sockets, however, before charging an electric car, you should professionally check whether the desired charging power is possible. Such SchuKo sockets can also be found at some public charging stations.
Type 1 connector
With a charging capacity of up to 7,4 kW (230 V, 16 A), the type 1 plug is a single-phase plug that is standard in both Asia and America. The type 1 plug is therefore installed in the electric cars of many Asian manufacturers.
Type 2 connector (Mennekes)
This type of connector is most widespread in Europe and has therefore been established as the standard. With the three-phase plug, charging capacities of up to 22 kW (400 V, 32 A) are possible in private rooms; Charging capacities of up to 43 kW (400 V, 63 A) can be achieved at public charging stations. Mode 2 charging cables can be connected to type 3 sockets, which are available at most public charging stations, so that electric cars can be charged with both type 1 and type 2 plugs.
Combo connector (CCS)
The combo plug - also known as the Combined Charging System (CCS) - supplements the type 2 plug with a fast charging function and supports both AC and DC charging (alternating current and direct current) with up to theoretical 170 kW.
The fast charging system developed in Japan achieves charging capacities of up to 100 kW. However, since most public charging stations only allow 50 kW of charging power, the full power can usually not be fully utilized. Manufacturers of electric cars that offer the CHAdeMO connector are, for example, Nissan, Mitsubishi, Citroen, Toyota or Tesla (with adapter).
Superchargers are a connector system based on the Mennekes type 2 connector that can only be used for Tesla models. They allow a charging power of up to 120 kW with direct current, so that the Tesla Model S, for example, can be charged to 30 percent within 80 minutes.
Cover picture: Electric car is being charged - Copyright Bild elektronik-zeit @ fotolia.com
Addendum info video:
So it is best to inform in advance, otherwise there may be problems with the charging process en route.
Source video: Plusminus (documentary)
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